c1940s Antique Geometric Persian Shahsavan Runner 3.5x6.7
The SHAHSAVAN tribe has a long history in Iran. The Shahsavan were brave warriors who protected Safavid Shah Abbas in his battles were renowned in history as the "Qezelbash". In the Lunar Year 991 to 994 (1613 to 1616 A.D.), Shah Muhammad Khoda Banda decided to ask volunteer civilians into the army. This act was called "Shahsavan Oulmakh", meaning "becoming Shah lovers". Shahsavan sub-tribes have 29,247 families, with a population amounting to around 174,490 individuals. Its structure consists of Clans, Families, Gobeks, and Khanevars. More than hundreds of thousands of Shahsavan divided into several branches, are living in northeastern Province of Shahsavan. The majority of these people are either living in villages or the townships surrounding provincial capital city of shahsavan, but they continue to follow their past nomadic customs. Over 5,000 Shahsavan still lead a migratory or semi-migratory life in Shahsavan Province. Shahsavan speak Azari Turkish. The book called "Bostan ul-Siahe (The Garden of Travel)" says: "Shahsavan is a tribe which flourished during the time of Shah Abbas. The reason for their prominence is that a group of ungrateful Qezelbash (red clothed) fighters deserted Shah Abbas and revolted." The king said: Shahsavan, whoever loves the king come and join me. Thus, each tribe that defeated the rebel Qezelbashes were called Shahsavan or lovers of the king by Shah Abbas. The summer resort of the Shahsavan tribe is the Ahar and Meshkin elevations at the skirts of Mount Sabalan and their winter resort is the eastern Moghan Plain near Aras River that is 150 km far from the summer resort. The Shahsavan summer and winter resorts are quite distinct. The tribes first move from the winter quarter to a temporary spring quarter and then to their summer quarter. Upon their return and before settling at winter quarters they stop at an autumnal stopping place which is close to winter quarter. Their tents, named Alachigh, are hemispherical shaped. Another type of tents, called Koomeh, is long and corridor-like. Both are made over a wooden framework and covered with felt. The Alachigh is more than three times the size of a Koomeh. Each tent accommodates an extended family. The inside, where women mostly work, is carefully organized. These tribes keep all their belongings here. Food sacks, fat preserved in goat skin, sour milk, cheese, butter, flour, wheat and wool sacks are placed at the side, with bedding, Kilims and Jâjims, mats and small mattresses for sitting in front of them. There is an oven in the middle of the tent beside. Cheskco, a wooden peg is fixed in the center of the tent to a wooden wheel at the top of the tent. Chambareh is joined with a rope to protect the tent against winds and storms. If the son of the family gets married, a section of the tent is given to the newly-wed couple for as long as they can not afford a new tent. The men have no distinguishing clothing. They wear coats and trousers and a cap (Kepi). The women dress in various areas costumes. Their dresses resemble those of the Kurdish women of Kermanshah. Their loose breeches (Shaliteh) are like those of the Qashqai Tribe. They also put on men's waistcoats decorated with the territory of the Shahsavan tribe which is of special importance due to the abundance of its natural resources, and is one of the largest continuous areas suitable for animal husbandry and agriculture. These people also make handicrafts such as Kilim, Jajim, jol-e-asb (horse clothes) and khoorjins (carpet bags).
While describing physical characteristics of a tribal Shahsavan piece, they tend to have simple fields and borders and have many of the same characteristics of other flat-weaves. The predominant colors used are reds, salmons, ivories, and camel hair. The warp is made of wool while the weft can sometimes be made of cotton but more so wool. Weavers in Shahsavan use Turkish knots. If you're craving a nice tribal look for your living area, a Shahsavan piece is what you're looking for.