c1940s Antique Geometric Persian Heriz Rug 7.10x11.0
The district and the town of HERIZ (Harees) are known as historical places located in Northwestern Iran, south of Tabriz in the province of Azerbaijan. The town of Heriz is one of the oldest and the most fertile areas of the province. Important religious and historic places in the area include: • Sheikh Ishaaq Tomb • Maneeq Grave The Town of Heriz and the surrounding villages are internationally well-known for the good quality and very beautiful carpets produced there. The majority of their rugs are woven basically by same technique as the Mongols' who overtook Heriz in the 13th century used. Heriz rugs and carpets are valued for their artistic quality not only in Iran, but all around the world. The small town of Heriz is the center of the weaving areas in Azerbaijan and is known to be one of the most important production centers. Carpets from the town's workshops are of better quality than those from the remote mountain villages. A Heriz uses a unique medallion as a main distinguishing characteristic. Old and antique examples, in various blue tones, are occasionally found in the trade and at auctions. The tribal Heriz is a thicker, heavier carpet, renowned for its earth tones and geometric patterns. The colors are made from root and vegetable dyes. Heriz silk carpets are exquisitely knotted and are both rare and very beautiful. The designs of old Heriz rugs differ radically from those of new pieces. The majority of newer, Heriz rugs and carpets have a large, single, eight-sided medallion. While older pieces are very simple in design, newer pieces will be decorated with flowers, twines, and vases in which the background is densely decorated. In addition, you will also find some tribal patterns that are made in surrounding villages such as Goravan. The quality of Heriz rugs and carpets can vary. Older, antique Heriz carpets woven before 1900 are called Serapi and are known to be of excellent quality. Serapi are very valuable and sought after. Heriz rugs and carpets vary in size but, it is more common to find them from mid-sizes to larger dimensions. Antique Heriz pieces will have the following colors: blues, turquoises, brown, and beiges. Newer pieces will consist of: reds, browns, and light blues. Blues and blacks are used as contrasting and contour colors. Newer carpets tend to be rather inharmoniously colored. A Heriz is made of a soft wool and has a thin, tight pile. Heriz rugs and carpets have a cotton warp; the weft can be made of wool and on occasion silk. Weavers in Heriz use Turkish knots. Heriz rugs and carpets are the most popular and attractive tribal patterned pieces among western collectors.