c1960s ANTIQUE PERSIAN KASHMAR MASHAD RUG 9.8x12.0
The KASHMAR Persian rug is a rare and time-honored beauty, handmade by the Persian people living in the province of Khorasan in Eastern Iran. The city is slightly southwest of Mashad, east of Torbat-E-Haydariah, and 926 km (576 miles) from Tehran. The Sheshtaraz river, across which Shahi historical dam is constructed, flows in the vicinity of Kashmar. Its weather is temperate in the northern areas and warm in the southern and plain areas due to the proximity of the desert. The old name of this city is "TORSHIZ." The actual city of Kashmar is very rich in history, and has been responsible for producing exquisite carpets for centuries. In 1151 CE, it was surrounded and plundered by Sultan Sanjar Saljooghi.After that, it became one of the most important centers of the Esmailieh faction. Once this faction was defeated, the city flourished again. But in the 14th century, it was ruined by Amir Taymour Goorkani. The historical sites of this city are: • Atashgah cave • Ali-Abad tower • Firooz-Abad minaret, Atashgah castle • Shahid Moddares tomb • Seyed Hamzeh an Seyed Morteza Imamzadeh In the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Kashmar produced some very handsome and densely knotted rugs. Today Kashmar is known as producing some of the highest quality area rugs in eastern Iran in addition to being a collection point for Baluch tribal rugs. Kashmar carpets are easily distinguishable because of their larger size and unique patterns that borrow features from different regions. Kashmar rugs take designs from other regions and modify them into interesting variations that are new and original such as the Kase Boshghab (bowl and plate)design, the Case Kozeh (bowl and flowerpot) design, the Zir Khaki which means "under earth" and refers to designs which depict archeological artifacts found in Iran such as vases and other ornaments with designs of birds), and the Lachak Toranj (medallion and corner) design are all popular designs from Kashmar. Woven in pictorial patterns, Kashmar rugs tell tales of major events, important historical figures, or are symbolic representations like the Tree of Life. These might show a view of the ancient ruins and sculpture of Persepolis, the kings Darius and Xerxes (who were very well respected), or even the birds and animals from the Rubayat of Omar Khayam. Furthermore, there are some pieces from Kashmar, that resemble the Kashan with a central medallion and spandrels. Some may even have panels with tree motifs set on a ground in which is complemented with another panel consisting of a dome and some minarets. These minarets are therefore separated by a column arch and under this column arch lies a repetition of flowers set onto a beige on the main border. Another common pattern is a pictorial that tells the story of a significant occurrence or entity in Persian history. The overall color harmonies and intricacy of detail make these carpets elegant masterpieces. They are extremely durable and will last a very long time, increasing in beauty as they age. Carpets made in Kashmar usually have curvilinear patterns. Kashmar are among the highest quality Persian rugs and carpets produced in Eastern Iran. They are well known for their patterns and smooth structure. Kashmar carpets come mainly in larger sizes from 8x10 to 10x18 feet. Mid-sizes starting at around 4x6 feet are sometimes available. Light blues and creams are the predominant colors, with ivories as the contrasting colors. Other colors such as soft greens, reds, and browns are found in newer works. These rugs and carpets are made of a soft wool and have a thin, tight pile. The warp is mostly cotton; the weft is either cotton or wool. Weavers in Kashmar use Persian knots.
In conclusion, rugs and carpets from Kashmar are extremely intricate, unique, and durable pieces. Expect to have the uttermost beauty in your home while it is enlightened with an aspect of history from the Persian culture.